Other Words for Legal Battle

A written statement filed in court or an appeal that explains a party`s legal and factual arguments. An agreement by which a debtor agrees to continue to pay an excusable debt after bankruptcy, usually for the purpose of retaining security or mortgaged property that would otherwise be repayable. The value of a debtor`s share of ownership that remains after consideration of the creditors` liens and other interests. (Example: If a $60,000 home is subject to a $30,000 mortgage, there is $30,000 in equity.) Information presented in witness statements or in documents used to convince the investigator (judge or jury) to decide the case in favour of one party or the other. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. A request made as a result of a proceeding by a losing party on one or more issues, for a higher court to review the decision to determine whether it was correct. To make such a request is to “appeal” or “to appeal”. The one who appeals is called a “complainant”; The other party is the “appellant”. debts secured by a mortgage, pledge or other lien; Debts for which the creditor has the right to pursue certain pledged assets in the event of late payment. Examples include residential mortgages, car loans, and tax privileges. Written statements submitted to the court outlining a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. A request by a creditor to give the creditor the creditor`s opportunity to bring an action against the debtor or its assets, which would otherwise be prohibited by the automatic stay.

A proceeding brought by a single party before the court, without the other party having notified or contested it. A lawsuit in which one or more members of a large group or class of persons or other entities sue on behalf of the group as a whole. The district court must determine that class actions contain questions of law or fact before the action can be brought as a class action. All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. A penalty or other type of enforcement used to ensure compliance with the law or rules and regulations. A particular type of Chapter 11 case where there is no creditor committee (or the creditor committee is deemed inactive by the court) and the debtor is subject to stricter supervision by the U.S. trustee than other Chapter 11 debtors. The Insolvency Code contains certain provisions to shorten the period of bankruptcy of a debtor of a small business. The parties to a dispute settle their dispute without judicial proceedings.

Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party to satisfy at least part of the other party`s claims, but generally do not include an admission of fault. Geographical area in which a court has jurisdiction. A change of jurisdiction is a change or transfer of a case from one judicial district to another. Lists submitted by the debtor with the application (or shortly thereafter) containing the debtor`s assets, liabilities and other financial information. (There are formal forms that a debtor must use.) Imprisonment for two or more offences to be served simultaneously and not consecutively. Example: Two five-year prison sentences and a three-year term if served at the same time result in a maximum of five years behind bars. A debt owed by the debtor in certain circumstances, such as when the debtor is a co-signer of another person`s loan and that person does not pay. The right as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court.

Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” Study of the law and structure of the legal system A judgment granting a plaintiff the remedy sought in the complaint because the defendant did not appear in court or otherwise respond to the complaint. An unsecured claim that is entitled to be paid before other unsecured claims that do not have priority. Priority refers to the order in which such unsecured claims are to be paid.

An act or process by which one person`s rights or claims are classified among those of others. A written document prepared by the Chapter 11 debtor or other proponent of the plan intended to provide creditors with “reasonable information” to enable them to evaluate the Chapter 11 reorganization plan. With respect to civil actions in “equity” and not in “law”. In English legal history, courts of “law” could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate “fairness” tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important. For example, a jury trial is generally available in “legal cases,” but not in “fairness” cases. A pre-trial motion requiring the court to prohibit the other party from presenting or even referring to evidence deemed so prejudicial that no action taken by the judge can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced. A bailiff practicing in the judicial districts of Alabama and North Carolina who, like the United States Trustee, is responsible for supervising the administration of bankruptcy cases, estates and trustees; monitoring plans and disclosure statements; supervision of creditor committees; charge a monitoring fee; and the performance of other legal obligations. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case.

It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases.