Who Enforces the Rule of Law in the Philippines

He ignores the fact that so many years after the fall of Marcos, several lawsuits and other measures have been successfully undertaken to recover this loot. Originally, a Presidential Commission on Good Governance (PCGG) was created to identify and recover precisely this ill-gotten wealth. And from the beginning of 1987 until today, so many billions of pesos of real estate, consisting of money and other valuables accumulated by the Marcos, have been recovered and disposed of by the government. Billions of dollars hidden by the late dictator were recovered in Hawaii and New York. In fact, the courts of those states have made decisions to confiscate this ill-gotten gains and hand it over to our government in exchange for compensation for the damage suffered by the victims of the regime. In New York, a lawsuit was filed against Imelda Marcos over a building in which she invested a huge sum of money, allegedly acquired by selling priceless paintings they received. The court in that case eventually ruled against Imelda and ordered the reimbursement of the proceeds of this sale in favor of the Philippine government. The rule of law is a principle of governance according to which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are responsible for laws that are publicly promulgated, equally applied and independently decided, and that are consistent with international human rights standards. It also requires measures to ensure respect for the principles of the rule of law, equality before the law, accountability before the law, fairness in the application of the law, separation of powers, participation in decision-making, legal certainty, avoidance of arbitrariness and procedural and legal transparency. The Rules of Procedure are laid down in Rules 148 and 158. In 183, the Supreme Court established the special rules of procedure in Sharia courts (Ijra-at-Al Mahakim Al Sharia`a). Under enhanced community quarantine rules, mass gatherings (more than 10 people) were prohibited.

The modified expanded community quarantine rules allowed gatherings of between 10 and 30 percent of capacity in religious places. Some of the secondary sources of legislation are vital legal documents, published by Central Book Supply, containing a compilation of Presidential Decrees (1973). The second edition contains the laws of the Republic. Professor Sulpicio Guevara has published three books containing the full text of laws or laws, namely: a). Public Laws Annotated (7 vols.), compilation of all laws from 1901 to 1935, b). Laws of the Commonwealth commented (3vos.). Collection of Laws 1935-1945 (c). The laws of the First Republic of the Philippines (the laws of Malolos) 1898-1899. For Supreme Court decisions, Supreme Court Reports Annotated (SCRA), a secondary source published by Central Book Supply, is more current and popular in the legal community than the Philippine Reports, the primary and official source. Quotations in commentaries or books, treatises, writings, journal articles, memoirs and even court decisions show acceptance of SCRA. The general rule is that in the absence of a primary source, the secondary source can be cited.

This was the main reason for the popularity of the SCRA. There has been no primary source for a complete compilation of Supreme Court decisions for over twenty (20) years. The publication of Philippine reports by the National Printing Office was discontinued in the 1960s. It was not until 1982 that the publication of the Philippine reports was revived by the then Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Enrique M. Fernando, who took over the publication with special funds in the annual budget of the judiciary. The Philippines is a democratic republic with a government governed by the “rule of law”. Therefore, government officials, from the president to the captain of the barangay, must act in accordance with the law, fulfill the duties assigned to them in accordance with the law, and enforce and enforce the law at all times and under all circumstances. In other words, the laws of the land are the ultimate goal and must be observed and enforced, not the order or order of one man or one official. This is the essence of democracy as set out in the preamble to our Constitution, which states that our government is governed by the “rule of law” and not by the primacy of any one people or group of people.

Nevertheless, we must still remain hopeful, but be vigilant about its tendency towards one-man rule rather than the rule of law. All the signs still indicate that we are returning to another Marcos government, as evidenced by the defense of the PRRD and its inclination towards this type of regime. It is better to be vigilant than to regret it later. But more importantly, we should pray for our country and our officials, especially our president. But whether we like it or not, it`s pretty obvious that at this point we`re already sliding into a one-man regime like the dictatorial Marcos regime. This observation is supported by the fact that the PRRD itself favors and defends the late dictator Marcos and his family. Recently, he even claimed that there was no evidence of the ill-gotten wealth Marcos and his family amassed during his martial law regime. Coming from the president of this country, it is indeed quite surprising and dangerous. A rule of law framework that includes: Although the law requires that non-life-threatening women obtain their husband`s consent to receive reproductive health care, the Supreme Court has ruled that the Constitution enshrines the fundamental right of couples and individuals to freely determine the number, the distance and timing of their children and to have the necessary information and resources to do so. free from discrimination, coercion and violence. For nearly two decades, ABA ROLI has focused on improving court efficiency, building trust in the business sector, fighting corruption, promoting human rights, and expanding access to justice in the Philippines.

Through ongoing collaboration with a broad coalition of local partners – including the Supreme Court, the Philippine Academy of Justice, the Department of Justice, the Integrated Bar Association of the Philippines, the Public Prosecutor`s Office, universities, law schools and a range of civil society organizations – ABA ROLI builds local capacity to promote and uphold the rule of law. Like all other aspects of public life, the administration of justice and access to remedies and dispute resolution have been severely disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic.